AR Foundation Samples

2020-1-6 雨辰 Unity3D

首先 我是勤劳的搬运工,今天就学习下

https://github.com/Unity-Technologies/arfoundation-samples

AR Foundation Samples

零基础学习AR 动作捕获

Example projects that use AR Foundation 3.0 and demonstrate its functionality with sample assets and components.

This set of samples relies on five Unity packages:

ARSubsystems defines an interface, and the platform-specific implementations are in the ARCore and ARKit packages. ARFoundation turns the AR data provided by ARSubsystems into Unity GameObjects and MonoBehavours.

The master branch is compatible with Unity 2019.2 and later. For 2018.4, see the 1.5-preview branch.

Why is ARKit Face Tracking a separate package?

For privacy reasons, use of ARKit's face tracking feature requires additional validation in order to publish your app on the App Store. If your application binary contains certain face tracking related symbols, your app may fail validation. For this reason, we provide this feature as a separate package which must be explicitly included.

ARKit 3 Support

The ARKit XR Plugin and ARKit Face Tacking packages support both ARKit 2 and ARKit 3 simultaneously. We supply separate libraries and select the appropriate one based on the version of Xcode selected in your Build Settings. This should eliminate the confusion over which package version is compatible with which Xcode version.

The ARKit 3 features require Xcode 11 and iOS/iPadOS 13.

Instructions for installing AR Foundation

  1. Download the latest version of Unity 2019.2 or later.

  2. Open Unity, and load the project at the root of the arfoundation-samples repository.

  3. Open your choice of sample scene.

  4. See the AR Foundation Documentation for usage instructions and more information.

Samples

SimpleAR

This is a good starting sample that enables point cloud visualization and plane detection. There are buttons on screen that let you pause, resume, reset, and reload the ARSession.

When a plane is detected, you can tap on the detected plane to place a cube on it. This uses the ARRaycastManager to perform a raycast against the plane.

Action Meaning
Pause Pauses the ARSession, meaning device tracking and trackable detection (e.g., plane detection) is temporarily paused. While paused, the ARSession does not consume CPU resources.
Resume Resumes a paused ARSession. The device will attempt to relocalize and previously detected objects may shift around as tracking is reestablished.
Reset Clears all detected trackables and effectively begins a new ARSession.
Reload Completely destroys the ARSession GameObject and re-instantiates it. This simulates the behavior you might experience during scene switching.

Check Support

Demonstrates checking for AR support and logs the results to the screen. The relevant script is SupportChecker.cs.

LightEstimation

Demonstrates light estimation information from the camera frame. You should see values for "Brightness", "Color Temp", and "Color Correct" on screen. Most devices only support a subset of these 3, so some will be listed as "unavailable."

The relevant scripts are on the "Directional Light" GameObject.

ReferencePoints

This sample shows how to create reference points as the result of a raycast hit. The "Clear Reference Points" button removes all created reference points. See the ReferencePointCreator.cs script.

Scale

This sample shows how to adjust the apparent scale of content in an AR scene. It does this by moving, rotating, and scaling the ARSessionOrigin instead of the content. Complex scenes often can't be moved after creation (e.g., terrain), and scale can negatively affect other systems such as physics, particle effects, and AI navigation. The ARSessionOrigin's scale feature is useful if you want to make your content "appear" at a position on a detected plane and to scale, for example, a building sized object to a table-top miniature.

To use this sample, first move the device around until a plane is detected, then tap on the plane. Content will appear at the touch point. After the content is placed, you can adjust its rotation and scale using the on-screen sliders. Note that the content itself is never moved, rotated, or scaled.

The relevant script is MakeAppearOnPlane.cs.

CameraImage

This samples shows how to manipulate the camera textures on the CPU. The video feed for pass through cameras involves GPU-only textures, and manipulating them on the CPU (e.g., for computer vision algorithms) would require an expensive GPU read. Fortunately, ARFoundation provides an API for obtaining the camera image on the CPU for further processing.

The relevant script is TestCameraImage.cs.

The resolution of the CPU image is affected by the camera's configuration. The current configuration is indicated at the bottom left of the screen inside a dropdown box which lets you select one of the supported camera configurations. The CameraConfigController.cs demonstrates enumerating and selecting a camera configuration. It is on the CameraConfigs GameObject.

TogglePlaneDetection

This sample shows how to toggle plane detection on and off. When off, it will also hide all previously detected planes by disabling their GameObjects. See PlaneDetectionController.cs.

PlaneClassification

This sample shows how to query for a plane's classification. Some devices attempt to classify planes into categories such as "door", "seat", "window", and "floor". This scene enables plane detection using the ARPlaneManager, and uses a prefab which includes a component which displays the plane's classification, or "none" if it cannot be classified.

FeatheredPlanes

This sample demonstrates basic plane detection, but uses a better looking prefab for the ARPlane. Rather than being drawn as exactly defined, the plane fades out towards the edges.

PlaneOcclusion

This sample demonstrates basic plane detection, but uses an occlusion shader for the plane's material. This makes the plane appear invisible, but virtual objects behind the plane are culled. This provides an additional level of realism when, for example, placing objects on a table.

Move the device around until a plane is detected (its edges are still drawn) and then tap on the plane to place/move content.

UX

This sample demonstrates some UI that may be useful when guiding new users through an AR application. It uses the script UIManager.cs to trigger different UI animations based on events (e.g., a plane being detected).

The functionality demonstrated here is conceptually similar to the ARKitCoachingOverlay sample.

EnvironmentProbes

This sample demonstrates environment probes, a feature which attempts to generate a 3D texture from the real environment and applies it to reflection probes in the scene. The scene includes several spheres which start out completely black, but will change to shiny spheres which reflect the real environment when possible.

ARWorldMap

An ARWorldMap is an ARKit-specific feature which lets you save a scanned area. ARKit can optionally relocalize to a saved world map at a later time. This can be used to synchronize multiple devices to a common space, or for curated experiences specific to a location, such as a museum exhibition or other special installation. Read more about world maps here. A world map will store most types of trackables, such as reference points and planes.

The ARWorldMapController.cs performs most of the logic in this sample.

This sample requires iOS 12.

ARCollaborationData

Similar to an ARWorldMap, a "collaborative session" is an ARKit-specific feature which allows multiple devices to share session information in real time. Each device will periodically produce ARCollaborationData which should be sent to all other devices in the collaborative session. ARKit will share each participant's pose and all reference points. Other types of trackables, such as detected planes, are not shared.

See CollaborativeSession.cs. Note there are two types of collaboration data: "Critical" and "Optional". "Critical" data is available periodically and should be sent to all other devices reliably. "Optional" data is available nearly every frame and may be sent unreliably. Data marked as "optional" includes data about the device's location, which is why it is produced very frequently (i.e., every frame).

Note that ARKit's support for collaborative sessions does not include any networking; it is up to the developer to manage the connection and send data to other participants in the collaborative session. For this sample, we used Apple's MultipeerConnectivity Framework. Our implementation can be found here.

You can create reference points by tapping on the screen. Reference points are created when the tap results in a raycast which hits a point in the point cloud.

This sample requires iOS 13.

ARKitCoachingOverlay

The coaching overlay is an ARKit-specific feature which will overlay a helpful UI guiding the user to perform certain actions to achieve some "goal", such as finding a horizontal plane.

The coaching overlay can be activated automatically or manually, and you can set its goal. In this sample, we've set the goal to be "Any plane", and for it to activate automatically. This will display a special UI on the screen until a plane is found. There is also a button to activate it manually.

The sample includes a MonoBehavior to define the settings of the coaching overlay. See ARKitCoachingOverlay.cs.

This sample requires iOS 13.

ImageTracking

This sample demonstrates image tracking. Image tracking is supported on ARCore and ARKit. To enable image tracking, you must first create an XRReferenceImageLibrary. This is the set of images to look for in the environment. Click here for instructions on creating one.

At runtime, ARFoundation will generate an ARTrackedImage for each detected reference image. This sample uses the TrackedImageInfoManager.cs script to overlay the original image on top of the detected image, along with some meta data.

Run the sample on an ARCore or ARKit-capable device and point your device at one of the images in Assets/Scenes/ImageTracking/Images. They can be displayed on a computer monitor; they do not need to be printed out.

ObjectTracking

Similar to the image tracking sample, this sample detects a 3D object from a set of reference objects in an XRReferenceObjectLibrary. Click here for instructions on creating one.

To use this sample, you must have a physical object the device can recognize. The sample's reference object library is built using two reference objects. The sample includes printable templates which can be printed on 8.5x11 inch paper and folded into a cube and cylinder.

Alternatively, you can scan your own objects and add them to the reference object library.

This sample requires iOS 12 and is not supported on Android.

Face Tracking

There are several samples showing different face tracking features. Some are ARCore specific and some are ARKit specific.

FacePose

This is the simplest face tracking sample and simply draws an axis at the detected face's pose.

This sample uses the front-facing (i.e., selfie) camera.

FaceMesh

This sample instantiates and updates a mesh representing the detected face. Information about the device support (e.g., number of faces that can be simultaneously tracked) is displayed on the screen.

This sample uses the front-facing (i.e., selfie) camera.

ARKitFaceBlendShapes

"Blend shapes" are an ARKit-specific feature which provides information about various facial features on a scale of 0..1. For instance, "wink" and "frown". In this sample, blend shapes are used to puppet a cartoon face which is displayed over the detected face. See the ARKitBlendShapeVisualizer.cs.

This sample uses the front-facing (i.e., selfie) camera.

ARCoreFaceRegions

"Face regions" are an ARCore-specific feature which provides pose information for specific "regions" on the detected face, e.g., left eyebrow. In this example, axes are drawn at each face region. See the ARCoreFaceRegionManager.cs.

This sample uses the front-facing (i.e., selfie) camera.

EyeLasers, EyePoses, FixationPoint

These samples demonstrate eye and fixation point tracking. Eye tracking produces a pose (position and rotation) for each eye in the detected face, and the "fixation point" is the point the face is looking at (i.e., fixated upon). EyeLasers uses the eye pose to draw laser beams emitted from the detected face.

This sample uses the front-facing (i.e., selfie) camera and requires an iOS device with a TrueDepth camera.

RearCameraWithFrontCameraFaceMesh

iOS 13 adds support for face tracking while the rear camera is active. This sample does not show much other than number of currently tracked faces. To enable this mode in ARFoundation, you must enable both an ARFaceManager and at least one other manager which requires the rear camera. This sample enables both the ARFaceManager and ARPlaneManager to achieve this.

This feature requires a device with a TrueDepth camera and an A12 bionic chip running iOS 13.

HumanBodyTracking2D

This sample demonstrates 2D screen space body tracking. A 2D skeleton is generated when a person is detected. See the ScreenSpaceJointVisualizer.cs script.

This sample requires a device with an A12 bionic chip running iOS 13.

HumanBodyTracking3D

This sample demonstrates 3D world space body tracking. A 3D skeleton is generated when a person is detected. See the HumanBodyTracker.cs script.

This sample requires a device with an A12 bionic chip running iOS 13.

HumanSegmentationImages

This sample demonstrates "people occlusion", which can produce stencil and depth textures for detected persons. This sample is very primitive and simply displays the raw texture on the screen. We are currently working on a better sample.

This sample requires a device with an A12 bionic chip running iOS 13.

AllPointCloudPoints

This sample shows all feature points over time, not just the current frame's feature points as the "AR Default Point Cloud" prefab does. It does this by using a slightly modified version of the ARPointCloudParticleVisualzier component that stores all the feature points in a Dictionary. Since each feature point has a unique identifier, it can look up the stored point and update its position in the dictionary if it already exists. This can be a useful starting point for custom solutions that require the entire map of point cloud points, e.g., for custom mesh reconstruction techniques.

This sample has two UI components:

  • A button in the lower left which allows you to switch between visualizing "All" the points and just those in the "Current Frame".
  • Text in the upper right which displays the number of points in each point cloud (ARCore & ARKit will only ever have one).


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